Automation engineering is a field of science combining engineering and the management of information, so that different systems can work effectively in every aspect such as cost of production, quality of products, safety of work, environment and ability to adjust production rates to respond to the demands of the market, as well as the administration and management in the industry.
Automation engineers are experts who have the knowledge and ability to design, create, develop and manage systems, for example, factory automation, process automation as well as building and home automation to make the systems work by themselves or require a minimum number of personnel.
Engineers can now have numerical control over automated devices. The result has been a rapidly expanding range of applications and human activities. Computer-aided technologies (or CAx) now serve as the basis for mathematical and organizational tools used to create complex systems. Notable examples of CAx include Computer-aided design (CAD software) and Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM software). The improved design, analysis, and manufacture of products enabled by CAx has been beneficial for industry.
Information technology, together with industrial machinery and processes, can assist in the design, implementation, and monitoring of control systems. One example of an industrial control system is a programmable logic controller (PLC). PLCs are specialized hardened computers which are frequently used to synchronize the flow of inputs from (physical) sensors and events with the flow of outputs to actuators and events.
Different types of automation tools exist:
- ANN - Artificial neural network
- DCS - Distributed Control System
- HMI - Human Machine Interface
- SCADA - Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
- PLC - Programmable Logic Controller
- Motion control
Automation engineering is the integration of standard engineering fields and management information technology. "Management information technology" refers to a combination of information technology, communication, networking management and information management.
Work and career after graduation
Graduates can work for both government and private sector entities such as industrial production, companies that create (ABB, Emerson, Avandsis Group, Schneider Electric, Rockwell Automation, NOC&A, etc.) and use automation systems (SOCAR, BP, and other industry areas such as paper industry, automotive industry or food and agricultural industry). Graduates can work on other systems that are not industries such as building and home automation.
Information systems relate to the creation and application of technology to monitor or control the production and delivery of products and services by the International Society of Automation and the Automation Federation. Automation engineers can design, program, simulate and test automated machinery and processes that will complete the work . Automation engineers usually are employed in industries such as car manufacturing or food processing plants, robots or machines used for implementation. Automation engineers are responsible for detailed design specifications and other documents in their creations.
Automation engineers must have these qualities :
- Understand about computer programming and software development
- Creative thinking
- Detail-oriented personality
- Excellent proficiency
- Ability to communicate well with other members of the development team