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Journal of Engineering Sciences and Modern Technologies Guide for Authors

Format: Manuscripts should be submitted in two formats, as single A4 size Word and PDF files, inclusive of abstract, endnotes and references.  Introduction and conclusion sections are compulsory.


Font and spacingPlease use Times New Roman 12pt. All submissions including essential data only should be typed in single spacing.


Language: The journal is published in English. Please write your article in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). In order to avoid possible grammatical or spelling errors and to make your work readable and understandable for readers, we advise you to get your work proofread by professionals or native speakers before submitting it.

Cover Page / Title: Short and informative

On the first page of the paper, present the title of the paper along with the authors' names, institutional affiliations, and contact information. The corresponding author(s) (i.e., the one[s] who will be in contact with the reviewers) must be specified, usually with a footnote or an asterisk (*), and their full contact details (e.g., email address and phone number) must be provided. For example:

Dr. Clara A. Bell1,* and Dr. Scott C. Smith2 1University of Areopagitica, Department of Biology, Sometown, Somecountry

2Leviathan University, Department of Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Sometown, Somecountry


Abstract: 1 paragraph

  • The abstract needs to be in three languages: Azerbaijani, English, and Russian.
  • State the research subject (i.e., what was done) and encapsulate the main findings and conclusions of the paper.
  • Do not add citations in an abstract (the reader might not be able to access your reference list).
  • Avoid using acronyms and abbreviations in the abstract, as the reader may not be familiar with them. Use full terms instead.

Keywords: 3 – 7 words

Below the abstract, include a list of key terms to help other researchers locate your study. Note that "keywords" is one word (with no space) and is followed by a colon:

Keywords: paper format, scientific writing.

Article Structure

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered section. Subsections should be numbered 1.1. (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


Introduction should be clear and concise. Include relevant background information on the topic, using in-text citations as necessary. Report new developments in the field, and state how the research fills gaps in the existing research. Focus on the specific problem  addressed, along with its possible solutions, and outline the limitations of your study. A research question hypothesis, and/or objectives can also be included at the end of this section.


  • This is the part of the paper that explains how the research was done. Relate the research procedures in a clear, logical order (i.e., the order in which you conducted the research) so that other researchers can reproduce your results. Simply refer to the established methods you used but describe any procedures that are original to your study in more detail.
  • Identify the specific instruments used in your research by including the manufacturer’s name and location in parentheses.
  • Stay consistent with the order in which information is presented (e.g., quantity, temperature, stirring speed, refrigeration period).


  • Do not include too many details, particularly if you are using tables and figures. While writing this section, be consistent and use the smallest number of words necessary to convey your statistics.
  • Use headings to help the reader follow along, particularly if your data are repetitive (but check whether your style guide allows you to use them).


  • Present your general conclusions, including an assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of the research and the implications of your findings. Resolve the hypothesis and/or research question you identified in the introduction.
  • Use in-text citations to support your discussion.
  • Do not repeat the information presented in the results or the introduction unless it is necessary for a discussion of the overall implications of the research.


Keep this section short. Explain how your research fits within your field of study and identify areas for future research.


If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1’ Fig. A.1, etc.

Acknowledgements (optional)

Write a brief paragraph giving credit to any institution responsible for funding the study (e.g., through a fellowship or grant) and any individual(s) who contributed to the manuscript (e.g., technical advisors or editors).

Reference Style

Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.


Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'

List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.


Reference to a journal publication:

[1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun. 163 (2010) 51–59.

Reference to a journal publication with an article number:

[2] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, 2018. The art of writing a scientific article. Heliyon.19, e00205.

Reference to a book:

[3] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

[4] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z.

Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.

Reference to a website:

[5] Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK.

aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/, 2003 (accessed 13 March 2003).


Reference to a dataset:

[dataset] [6] M. Oguro, S. Imahiro, S. Saito, T. Nakashizuka, Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1, 2015.


Tables and Figures (one per page)

  • Capitalize the titles of specific tables and figures when you refer to them in the text (e.g., "see Table 3"; "in Figure 4").
  • In tables, stay consistent with the use of title case (i.e., Capitalizing Each Word) and sentence case (i.e., Capitalizing the first word).
  • In figure captions, stay consistent with the use of punctuation, italics, and capitalization. For example:

Figure 1. Classification of author roles.


Figure 2: taxonomy of paper keywords


  • Stay consistent with the terms you use. Generally, short forms can be used once the full term has been introduced
  • Use standard scientific terminology. Italics must be used correctly for scientific terminology.


Whether in mathematical, scientific, or technical papers, equations follow a conventional format. Here are some tips for formatting calculations:


  • Number each equation you present in the text, inserting the number in parentheses.
  •  + Y =                                                  (1)
  • Capitalize the word "Equation" when you refer to equations within the text.

In Equation 1, X represents . . .

(Note also that you should use italics for variables.)

  • Remember to save your math equations as editable text and not as images in case changes need to be made before publication.



  • Use International System of Units (SI).
  • Add spaces before units of measurement. For example, 2.5 mL not 2.5mL.
  • Be consistent with your units of measure (especially date and time). For example, 3 hours or 3 h.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material, such as images (photographs) and drawings, can be published with your article to enhance it.

  • Vector drawings (PDF): embed the font or save the text as ‘graphics”.
  • Color or greyscale photographs (JPG): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
  • Bitmapped line drawings (JPG): use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
  • Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale) (JPG): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.


The following to be included for statistical testing: the name of each statistical analysis, along with its value; an explanation of why the test was used and what is being compared; and the specific alpha levels and P values for each test.


Quoted words, phrases and sentences should be enclosed in double quotation marks. Quotations within quotations and glosses should be enclosed in single quotation marks.


  • Notes should be kept to a minimum.
  • Use endnotes, not footnotes.
  • All notes should be numbered in sequence and in Arabic numeral, typed in double spacing and placed at the end of the main text.
  • Notes should contain additional information to the particular discussion.
  • Bibliographic notes are not allowed.

Submission declaration

It is implied that the submitted article neither has been published previously nor is under consideration for publication elsewhere. If accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the publisher, Journal of Engineering Sciences and Modern Technologies.

* The guidelines are taken from